Surrogacy: Removing the Stigma

  • When a medical condition prevents pregnancy
  • If a woman cannot conceive after multiple rounds of IVF

The History of Surrogacy

  • 1976 marked the first legal surrogacy agreement in the United States
  • 1980 recorded the first compensated surrogacy in the United States
  • 1982 was the year the first baby was born from a donated egg
  • 1984–1986 held a legal custody battle over a baby born from surrogacy
  • 1985 was the year of the first, successful birth from gestational surrogacy
  • 1990 the state of California court case upheld the rights of intended parents

Legal Barriers to Surrogacy

Two Types of Surrogacy: Two Ways to Pay For It

  • Gestational surrogacy: another woman’s egg and a sperm are carried by a surrogate.
  • Traditional surrogacy: a surrogate’s egg creates the embryo, which means the surrogate is biologically related to the baby she carries.
  • Altruistic surrogacy: a woman carries a baby as a surrogate and charges no fee (note: this method is more legally acceptable in many states than commercial surrogacy).
  • Commercial surrogacy: a surrogate is paid for carrying a pregnancy.

Innovations in Surrogacy

Support for Surrogacy



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